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According to a new research,Background Alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for death and disability, but the overall association between alcohol consumption and health remains complex in view of the protective effects that moderate alcohol consumption may have in some cases. Through this article, the Global Disease, Injury and Risk Factor Burden Study 2016 provides a comprehensive approach to health accounting. This article provides an improved estimate of alcohol use and alcohol-attributable death and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in 195 locations from 1990 to 2016. The age ranges from 15 to 95 years in both locations. The age group was 5 years old. Methods Using 694 individual and population drinking data and 592 prospective and retrospective studies, the current distribution of drinking rate, abstinence rate and alcohol consumption in the current population was estimated. KER daily standard beverage (defined as 10 grams of pure alcohol) and alcohol attributable death and DALYs. Compared with previous estimates, this article has made some improvements in methodology: first, this article adjusts alcohol sales estimates to take account of tourists and unrecorded consumption; second, this article makes a new meta-analysis of 23 health outcomes related to alcohol use; third, this article explores a new approach To quantify the level of alcohol consumption, thereby minimizing the overall risk of individual health. The study found that drinking was the seventh leading risk factor for death and DALYs worldwide, accounting for 2.2% of age-standardized female deaths (95% uncertainty interval [UI] 1.5-3.0) and 6.8% of age-standardized male deaths (5.8-8.0). Among people aged 15-49, alcohol use was the leading global risk factor in 2016, with female mortality rate of 3.8% (95% UI 3.2-4.3) and male mortality rate of 12.2% (10.8-13.6). The attributable DALYs for women aged 15-49 were 2.3% (95% UI 2.0-2.6) and 8.9% (7.8-9.9) for men. The three main causes of attributable deaths in this age group are tuberculosis (1.4% of total deaths [95% UI 1.0-1.7]), road injury (1.2% [0.7-1.9]) and self-mutilation (1.1% [0.6-1.5]). For people aged 50 and over, alcohol accounted for a large proportion of total alcohol-attributable deaths in 2016, accounting for 27.1% of total alcohol-attributable deaths in women (95% UI 21.2-33.3) and 18.9% in men (15.3-22.6). The healthy drinking level with minimum weekly alcohol consumption was zero (95% UI 0. 0-0. 8) standard beverage. Interpretation of alcohol use is a major risk factor for global burden of disease and causes a large number of health losses. The article found that all-cause mortality and cancer risk increased with the increase of consumption level, and the consumption level minimizing health loss was zero. These results suggest that alcohol control policies may need to be revised worldwide to refocus efforts to reduce overall population consumption. The Fund Act and the Melinda Gates foundation.

The article were published The Lancet 2018-August

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Alcohol use and burden for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016